Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar

Date & Location

  • June 7, 2024
  • Valrose

Program

10:30 - 10:40
Hiba Laghrissi (PhD, Université Côte d'Azur)

Flash presentation

10:40 - 11:00
Pierpaolo Goffredo (PhD, CNRS - I3S)

Argument-based Detection and Classification of Fallacies in Political Debates

Abstract:

Fallacies are arguments that employ faulty reasoning, playing a prominent role in argumentation since antiquity due to their contribution to critical thinking education. Their role is even more crucial nowadays as contemporary argumentation technologies face challenging tasks like misleading and manipulative information detection in news articles and political discourse, and counter-narrative generation. Given their persuasive and seemingly valid nature, fallacious arguments are often employed in political debates, which can have detrimental societal consequences of leading to inaccurate public opinions and invalid policy inferences.

Automatically detecting and classifying fallacious arguments represents a crucial challenge to limit the spread of misleading claims and promote healthier political discourse. This work presents a novel annotated resource of 31 U.S. presidential campaign debates, extended by incorporating the recent Trump-Biden debate, with roughly 2000 labeled instances of six main fallacy categories (ad hominem, appeal to authority/emotion, false cause, slogan, slippery slope) annotated at the token-level for argumentative components/relations.

To tackle this novel task, neural architectures based on transformers are defined, combining text representations with argument components/relations and engineered features. The results outperform state-of-the-art methods and baselines, demonstrating the advantages of complementing text representations with non-textual argument features and highlighting the important role of argument components/relations in fallacy classification, crucial for advancing argumentation technologies and promoting informed political discourse.

11:00 - 11:30
Célian Ringwald (PhD, Inria - I3S)

Impact of Syntaxes on Data Extraction with Language Models

Abstract:

The fine-tuning of generative pre-trained language models (PLMs) on a new task can be impacted by the choice made for representing the inputs and outputs. This article focuses on the linearization process used to structure and represent, as output, facts extracted from text. On a restricted relation extraction (RE) task, we challenged T5 and BART by fine-tuning them on 12 linearizations, including RDF standard syntaxes and variations. Our benchmark covers: the validity of the produced triples, the performance of the model, the training behaviours and the resources needed. We show these PLMs can learn some syntaxes more easily than others, and we identify an efficient ``Turtle Light'' syntax supporting the quick and robust learning of the RE task.

11:30 - 12:00

Open discussion about the two contributions

 

Event reserved for students and post-docs of the 3IA consortium members. ID check at the entrance of the site with visual bag inspection.


 
 
Save the Date!
Next Seminars:
September 13, 2024 (no seminars in July and August)
Then on the first Friday of each month
Past Seminars
 

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #35

Speakers:

  • Edoardo Sarti (permanent researcher, INRIA) | Spectral partitioning into protein structural domains
  • Lucile Sassatelli (full professor, Université Côte d'Azur) | Visual objectification in films as a new AI task
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #34

Speakers:

  • Gonzague Radureau (PhD, OCA) | A new high-performance computation method of the Eddington tensor in radiation hydrodynamics simulation
  • Stefan Sarkadi (KCL, INRIA) | Deceptive AI and Society
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #31

Speakers:

  • Ryan Cotsakis (UniCA) | The extremal range: a local statistic for studying spatial extremes
  • Sara Frusone (UniCA) | Identifying spatiotemporal dispersion in catheter ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation: a comparative study of machine learning techniques using both real and realistic synthetic multipolar electrograms
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #30

Speakers:

  • Francesco Galati (EURECOM) | A Single Model Strategy for Multi-Domain Cerebrovascular Segmentation
  • Luca Calatroni (CNRS, I3S) | Physics-inspired learning for fluctuation-based super-resolution microscopy
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #29

Speakers:

  • Hava Chaptoukaev (EURECOM) | AI for e-health: Stress Identification from Multimodal Data
  • Louis Ohl (Inria) | Generalised mutual information (GEMINI) - A constellation of discriminative clustering models
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #28

Speakers:

  • Matej Hladis (UniCA) Matching receptor to odorant with protein language and graph neural networks
  • Elena Di Bernardino (3IA chair, UniCA) | Geometry of excursion sets: a statistical and computational point of view
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #27

Speakers:

  • Faisal Jayousi (CNRS)Geometric and statistical analysis of the extracellular matrix 
  • Oualid Zari (EURECOM) Privacy Attacks in Machine Learning and Defenses
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #26

Speakers:

  • Nissim Maruani (Inria)VoroMesh: Learning Watertight Surface Meshes with Voronoi Diagrams
  • Julien Aubert (CNRS) On the convergence of the MLE as an estimator of the learning rate in the Exp3 algorithm
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #25

Speakers:

  • Stefano Spaziani (CNRS) | Estimating the functional connectivity in the brain via a multiscale spike-LFP autoregressive model
  • Virginia d'Auria (invited researcher) | Quantum information science
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #24

Speakers:

  • Zhijie Fang (Inria) Landmark detection via convolutional neural network
  • Josué Tchouanti (CNRS LJAD) Detection of neural synchronization and implication for neuroscience experimental design
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #23

Speakers:

  • Thi Khuyen Le (Inria)Comparison of handcrafted radiomics and 3D-CNN models to diagnose striatal dopamine deficiency in Parkinsonian syndromes based on 18F-FDOPA PET images
  • Irene Balelli (external researcher - Inria) The search for causality in the analysis and modeling of biomedical data
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #22

Speakers:

  • Valerya Strizhkova (Inria)Multi-View Video Masked Autoencoder for Emotion Recognition
  • Lucie Cadorel (invited outside 3IA - I3S & Inria)Geospatial Knowledge in Real Estate Listings : Extracting and Localizing Uncertain Spatial Information from Text
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #21

Speakers:

  • David Loiseaux (Inria)Towards multiparameter persistent homology descriptors for machine learning
  • Alessandro Betti (Inria)Deep Learning to See
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #20

Speakers:

  • Yacine Khacef (Université Côte d'Azur)High-Resolution Traffic Monitoring with Distributed Acoustic Sensing and AI
  • Daniel Inzunza (Inria)A PINN approach for traffic state estimation and model calibration based on loop detector flow data
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #19

Speakers:

  • Lucia Innocenti (Inria) Analysis of Multi-centric AI-based frame-works in prostate segmentation
  • Riccardo Taiello (Inria) Privacy Preserving Image Registration

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #18

Speakers:

  • Rémi Felin (UCA, I3S) | Optimizing the Computation of a Possibilistic Heuristic to Test OWL 2 SubClassOf Axioms Against RDF Data
  • Huiyu Li (Inria, Epione) | Data Stealing Attack on Medical Images: Is it Safe to Export Networks from Data Lakes?
See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #17

Speakers:

  • Benjamin Ocampo (UCA, I3S) | "We Need Two Poke Flutes to Wake You Up'' an In-depth Analysis of Implicit and Subtle Hate Speech Messages
  • Tong Zhao (Inria) | Progressive Discrete Domains for Implicit Surface Reconstruction

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #16

Speakers:

  • Prof. Ludovic Dibiaggio | Introduction to the OTESIA institute
  • Daniel Inzunza (Inria) | PINNs approach for traffic model calibration
  • Angelo Rodio (Inria) | Resource-aware Federated Learning

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #15

Speakers:

  • Andrea Castagnetti (UCA, LEAT) | Neural information coding for efficient spike-based image denoising
  • Christos Bountzouklis (UCA, LJAD) | Environmental factors affecting wildfire-burned areas in southeastern France

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #14

Speakers:

  • Antonia Ettorre (UCA, I3S) | A systematic approach to identify the information captured by Knowledge Graph Embeddings
  • Victoriya Kashtanova (Inria) | Deep Learning Approach for Cardiac Electrophysiology Modeling

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #13

Speakers:

  • Aude Sportisse (Inria) | Informative labels in Semi-Supervised Learning
  • Alexandra Würth (Inria) | Data driven traffic management by Macroscopic models

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #12

Speakers:

  • Hind Dadoun (Inria) | AI-based Real Time Diagnosis of Abdominal Ultrasound Images
  • Victor Jung (UCA) | Checking Constraint Satisfaction

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #11

Speakers:

  • Bogdan Kozyrskiy (EURECOM) | Binarization for Optical Processing Units via REINFORCE
  • Paul Tourniaire (Inria) | Attention-based Multiple Instance Learning for Histopathology

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #10

Speakers:

  • Etrit Haxholli (Inria) | On the Estimation of Shape Parameters of Tails of Marginal Distributions
  • Cedric Vincent-Cuaz (UCA) | Semi-relaxed Gromov-Wasserstein divergence with applications on graphs

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #9

Speakers:

  • Santiago Marro (CNRS) | Natural Language Argumentation Quality Assessment maps
  • Artem Muliukov (UCA) | Cortex-inspired multimodal AI approach based on self-organizing 

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #8

Speakers:

  • Kristof Huszar (Inria) | Towards Efficient Algorithms in Computational Topology
  • Mauro Zucchelli (Inria) | Diffusion MRI based Brain Tissue Microstructure Characterization Using Autoencoder Neural-Networks

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #7

Speakers:

  • Vasiliki Stergiopoulou (CNRS) | COL0RME: Super-Resolution Microscopy Based on the Localization of Sparse Blinking Fluorophores
  • Ali Ballout (UCA) | Predicting the Possibilistic Score of Atomic Candidate OWL Axioms

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #6

Speakers:

  • Hugo Schmutz (Inria) | Towards safe deep semi-supervised learning
  • Amirhossein Tavakoli (MINES ParisTech) | Hybrid combinatorial optimization and machine learning algorithms for energy-efficient water network

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #5

Speakers:

  • Ayse Unsal (Eurecom) | A Statistical Threshold for Adversarial Classification in Laplace Mechanisms
  • Ashwin James (CNRS) | Inference of choice granularity via learning model selection in a cognitive task 

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #4

Speakers:

  • Mohsen Tabejamaat (Inria) | Conditional image generation using structural priors
  • William Hammersley (UCA) | Randomizing gradient descents on the space of probability measures
  • Athanasios Vasileiadis (UCA) | Exploration noise for Mean Field Games

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #3

Speakers:

  • Amar Bouali (3IA Côte d'Azur) | Introduction to the Partnership and Innovation initiatives of 3IA Côte d'Azur
  • Antoine Collin (CNRS) | Automatic cell type annotation for cell atlas construction
  • Ziming Liu (Inria) | High-resolution Detection Network for Small Objects

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #2

Speakers:

  • Aurélie Delort (3IA Côte d'Azur) | Presentation of the Education & Training program
  • Boris Shminke (CNRS) | Using Denoising Autoencoder for Cayley table completion task
  • Dingge Liang (Inria) | A Deep Latent Recommender System based on User Ratings and Reviews
  • Martijn Van Den Ende (UCA) | Fibre-optics, earthquakes, and a zebra: intelligent signal denoising with Deep Learning

See details

Doctoral & Postdoctoral Seminar #1